Classroom Activities and Extra-Curricular Activities

Classroom Activities and Extra-Curricular Activities

ImageObjectives

  • Identify the concept of school activities
  • Specify the benefits of school activities
  • Define classroom activities
  • Define extra-curricular activities
  • Mention the functions of extra-curricular activities
  • Identify success factors for extra-curricular activities

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 The concept of school activities
School activities can be defined as:

  • those practices and activities that students can practice and through which they can express their emotions, satisfy their desires, modify their behavior and master the skills they need most.
  • the programs designed by those responsible for education and are sensitive to the characteristics of the students, their desires and their environment to cultivate knowledge and adjust their attitudes and develop their skills. They can be practiced in or outside the classroom.

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 Benefits of school activities
School activities help to:

  • achieve a person’s positiveness and enthusiasm.
  • develop the ability of self-learning.
  • assist the individual to practice lifelong learning .
  • use modern technology in learning.

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Classroom activities

  • Classroom activities are academic activities that often take place in the classroom, often of pre-defined themes to teach to a particular age group or a class of students.
  • They are programs that have been developed by course designers and which a teacher uses to help students gain knowledge and acquire skills and experience. These programs are always course-oriented and are conducted in the classroom.

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Educational classroom activities
They are activities that are related to the subject matter, and are linked to the interests and tendencies of the learner and require him to apply what he learns in a variety of life situations, such as: (search preparation – compiling a photo album – the preparation of a visual aid – assembling components from environment raw materials).

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Extra-curricular activities

  • They are activities outside the scope of academic study and that are carried out by a group of students brought together by common interests and tendencies under the supervision of a specialist and offer the opportunity to gain experience and skills that will help students integrate into society.
  • They are programs designed for students to practise outside the classroom. Some of these activity programs are associated with the subject matter or the community and the outside world for the preparation of a good and productive citizen in society.

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Extra-curricular educational activities
They are activities associated with areas of different available activities such as (Sports – Art – Music – Scouts – Drama – Journalism – The environment – Science – Computer and Information Technology – Library).

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Functions of extra-curricular activities
Psychological function:
Extra-curricular activities help students satisfy their psychological needs. This facilitates the process of personal and social compatibility, and the removal of internal conflicts. This results in decreasing anxiety, stress and thus mental health is realized.
Social function:
Extra-curricular activities contribute to the formation of friendly relations between members of the group and develop their responsibility, cooperation and mutual respect and abandon selfishness.
Therapeutic function:
Extra-curricular activities solve many of the problems of mental, emotional, social and health facing the student by modifying his wrong behavior and trends through his participation in many activities.

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Educational function:
Extra-curricular activities help to provide direct sensory experiences for information and knowledge that rise the level of students’ academic performance.

  • Studies have indicated the effectiveness of extra-curricular activities to reduce the psychological and behavioral disorders in students with mental disabilities.
  • The involvement of students with special needs in extra-curricular activities helps them to gain a lot of necessary life skills. The degree of benefit varies depending on the degree of disability.
  • In mainstream schools, the appropriate model (the normal student) is available. The student with the special need can imitate him (the normal student) to acquire appropriate social skills and language.

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Success factors for extra-curricular activities

  • Clarity of the objectives of the activity.
  • Rewarding outstanding students in school activities.
  • Teacher’s personality and his ability to attract students.
  • School Administration encouragement of activities.
  • Cooperation between the students and the teacher.
  • Good distribution of students on various aspects of the activity.
  • Appropriateness of the place where the activity is held.
  • Constant novelty of the content of the activity.
  • Activity relationship to course material.
  • Availability of appropriate materials.

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If you are interested, you can download the presentation used for this workshop here.

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